ARAB DENTAL 28 (2015), No. 1 16. Apr. 2015
ARAB DENTAL 28 (2015), No. 1 (16.04.2015)
Page 16-23, Language: Arabic
Atraumatic restorative treatment (ART) approach scientific review after 30 years
The World Health Organization and the International Dental Federation have recommended the use of the Atraumatic Restorative Treatment (ART) approach in the developed and the developing countries. It is a logical technique based upon sound and scientifically-based principles. It is a restorative and preventive procedure, largely pain-free, maximally preventive, and minimally invasive. It depends on removing the demineralized tooth tissues using hand instruments only and restoring cavities with glass-ionomer cement. More than 275 scientific papers have been published on ART in the last thirty years. The results of the clinical and field trials that carried out in developing and developed countries have indicated that high-viscosity glass ionomer cement can safely be used to restore single- surface cavities both in primary and in permanent posterior teeth. Also, the high effectiveness of ART sealants using highviscosity glass ionomer in carious lesion development prevention is not different from that of resin fissure sealants. More studies are needed to evaluate the application of ART in multi-surfaces cavities.